As the saying goes, "ten men’s nine hemorrhoids, ten women and ten hemorrhoids", although this is a somewhat exaggerated expression, according to the 2015 national anorectal disease epidemiological survey, the prevalence of hemorrhoid disease in urban and rural residents in my country is as high as 49.14%. That is, nearly half of the people suffer from hemorrhoid disease.Even if the incidence of hemorrhoids is not as exaggerated, the incidence of nearly 50 % is quite high.
Because hemorrhoids are too common
Therefore, many people have blood in the stool during defecation
The first time I think of hemorrhoids
It is considered to be blood in the stool caused by hemorrhoids
Blood in the stool is indeed a major symptom of hemorrhoids
But in addition to hemorrhoids
Other intestinal problems or diseases
The same may cause blood in the stool
Chen Jinsong, chief physician of gastrointestinal surgery of Guangzhou Medical University Affiliated Hospital
What is hemorrhoids?What factors induces hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are a disease caused by varicose veins, congestion or congestion of the lower end of the rectal or anal canal. There are three types of hemorrhoids, including internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids.
Blood is the main symptom of hemorrhoids, so it is no wonder that everyone thinks hemorrhoids when they encounter hemorrhoids.In addition to blood in the stool, hemorrhoids are also one of the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
The degree of internal hemorrhoids is divided into four cases according to the degree of hemorrhoids. In the past four cases, internal hemorrhoids are only blood in the stool and have not been removed; the second -degree hemorrhoids can be removed by themselves, and there is blood in the stool;Can’t return to Na with hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids with infection or embedded meal and thrombosis will cause obvious pain in the patient, and it will cause itching around the anus after the hemorrhoids are removed.
Some behaviors or bad habits in life will become the cause of hemorrhoids and seizures: first, long -term use of spicy and irritating foods; second, drinking; third, the more precise diet, the constipation caused by too little cellulose food intake;Poor bowel habits, such as watching mobile phones or newspapers during bowel movements, and keeping squats for a long time; Fifth, long -term sedentary or long -standing stand.
In addition, women’s pregnancy, chronic cough, prostate hyperplasia, cirrhosis, and abdominal tumors can cause increased abdominal pressure, venous blood flow to be blocked, and induce hemorrhoids.
How to prevent and treat hemorrhoids?
Is it necessary to perform surgery with hemorrhoids?Director Chen Jinsong said that according to the specific situation, there are three principles of the treatment of hemorrhoids: one is that hemorrhoids without symptoms do not need to be treated; the second is that the treatment of hemorrhoids focuses on reducing the symptoms of patients; the third is that non -surgical treatment is mainly based on non -surgical treatment.Including oral drugs and external drug treatment, it can also play a role in reducing symptoms.
What kind of patients still need to treat hemorrhoids through surgery?These three types of patients can consider surgical treatment: First, the patient’s repeated bleeding, conservative treatment has no effect, because repeated blood in the stool can cause anemia, which is still a large adverse effect on the body;The greater impact; the third is that hemorrhoids combined with thrombosis, causing the patient to be unbearable.
With the advancement of medical technology, at present, hemorrhoid surgery can already achieve "daytime surgery" treatment, which means that patient surgery can be admitted to the hospital for surgery on the day of surgery.In the impact of life and work, patients only need to work in combination with perfect preparation and examination.
98%of anorectal diseases are hemorrhoids. 50%of people over 18 years old have hemorrhoids. The incidence is so high that daily prevention is very important.
In response to the causes of the occurrence of hemorrhoids, prevent hemorrhoids can do a good job in the following aspects: First, reduce spicy and irritating foods to avoid drinking; second, eat more vegetables and fruits to drink plenty of water, keep the stools smooth, and avoid constipation;Avoid sitting for a long time and move the body appropriately; fourth, develop good bowel habits, shorten the bowel movement time, and try to clear the stool as much as possible; the fifth is to treat some diseases that may cause abdominal pressure, such as chronic cough, prostate hyperplasia, and tumors.
Do not despise blood in the stool
There are actually many causes of blood in the stool. Hemorrhoids are only one of the reasons, so we cannot simply draw blood in the stool and hemorrhoids.Intestinalitis, cloned disease, intestinal polyps, intestinal adenoma and other benign diseases or intestinal malignant tumors may cause blood in the stool.
Because if the blood in the stool is caused by the intestinal malignant tumor, the patient does not seek medical treatment in time when the patient occurs, the condition is delayed, and the early tumor may deteriorate in the early stage. At this time, the patient may lose the chance of cure.
Director Chen Jinsong once met a young pregnant woman. Before pregnancy, he had symptoms of stool with blood. He thought he was blood in the stool caused by hemorrhoids. He had not paid attention to it.There was a tumor in the interior, and the condition was delayed from early to late.
There is also a male patient in his 60s who has always been manifested in dysentery of viscosity blood, and after the anxiety, etc., the patient thinks that it is bacterial dysentery. After receiving the injection of anti -inflammatory drugs in the local hospitalSimilar symptoms appeared in the sky. This repeatedly repeatedly came to the outpatient clinic of Director Chen Jinsong until severe anemia, abdominal distension and abdominal pain. After the rectal finger test, a tumor was found to be six or seven cm from the anus, which can be initially diagnosed as rectal cancer.
Director Chen Jinsong said that when the symptoms of some cases did not attract enough attention, they often delayed the treatment of the condition. There were serious consequences, which was very regrettable. "It is recommended that the majority of friends should go to a regular hospital in a regular hospital if they have symptoms of blood in the stool.The cause of the blood in the stool through anal fingering, colonoscopy and other examination methods, early diagnosis and early treatment. "
Source: Guangzhou Health Commission
Edit: Lai Xiumei
School counterpart: Feng Baoxi
Editor duty: Zhao Jun Eel