The symptoms of dysmenorrhea often make many friends unable to work and live normally, especially patients with severe dysmenorrhea, dysmenorrhea is divided into two types: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary.Dysmenorrhea, accounting for more than 90%of the dysmenorrhea; secondary dysmenorrhea refers to dysmenorrhea caused by pelvic wares.But you know that gynecological diseases are hidden behind the dysmenorrhea.Dysmenorrhea is not the six hidden diseases behind the trivial matter.
Dysmenorrhea hidden six major diseases
Endometriosis is one of the important causes of dysmenorrhea, accounting for about 60%of pathological dysmenorrhea.There is a layer of membrane in the uterine cavity called endometrium. It will cause periodic changes with the effects of ovarian hormones. If ovulation does not conceive in the month, the endometrium will fall off and cause bleeding, and the blood flows through the vagina into menstruation.Due to some factors, the endometrium runs to other places outside the uterus, and is called endometriosis every month like the endometrium bleeding every month.These ectopic endometrium can also be affected by ovarian hormones and cause periodic bleeding. However, these blood does not have a channel to discharge the body, and it is locally accumulated to form a cyst. It is getting larger and larger. Local inflammatory response can stimulate local nerves and cause pain.
The endometrium appears in the uterine muscle layer is called uterine adenomia.Uterine adenomia is related to female endocrine hormones, especially estrogen, and women’s childbearing age is a high incidence period of uterine adenomia.Infertility.The characteristics and properties of pain are similar to endometriosis, but more serious.B -ultrasound or pelvic CT examination found whether the uterus increased, muscle thickening, and uneven echo.Gynecological examinations can find whether the uterus is uniform, the texture is hard, and the surface may have a nodule.Blood testing CA-125 level, the CA-125 level in most patients will increase significantly; then it can basically be diagnosed as uterine adenomia.
3. Chronic pelvic disease inflammation
Chronic pelvic inflammation is a common disease in gynecological, and the pain caused by it accounts for about 30%of pathological dysmenorrhea.Chen Jianguo explained: "There may be many causes of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, usually due to the incomplete treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease. Common factors that cause pelvic inflammation are postpartum or after abortion, uterine cavity, ring surgery, fallopian tubal throughout, fallopian tube throughout the tubeSolid surgery, fallopian tube film, and endometrial polypoxide removal. If disinfection is not strict or chronic inflammation of the original reproductive system, it may cause postoperative infection.Doctors, sexual life, can also cause bacterial upward infections and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. Women do not pay attention to hygiene during menstruation, such as sanitary napkins or toilet paper with unqualified sanitary standards, or sexual life may induce pelvic inflammation.
10%in pathological dysmenorrhea is caused by pelvic congestion syndrome.The pelvic congestion syndrome is a unique disease caused by the poor blood circulation of chronic pelvic vein, pelvic vein filling, and congestion.Its clinical characteristics are "three pains and two more", that is, pelvic falling pain, low back pain, sexual intercourse pain, more menstruation, more leucorrhea, and less positive gynecological examination.Clinically, the severity of this disease is positively correlated with the nature of pain.Clinically do the diagnosis of B -ultrasound and vascular angiography with high resolution. You can also check the CA125 (ovarian epithelial antigen) for a differential diagnosis.Treatment is mainly symptomatic, and patients with severe illnesses can perform surgical treatment.
The surface of the uterine fibroids covers the endometrium and occupies the position in the uterine cavity, which affects the discharge of menstrual blood. Therefore, it can cause abnormal uterine contraction, dysmenorrhea, and accompanied by many menstrual flow and cycle disorders.Its neighboring organs will cause compression symptoms. When fibroids degenerate or subtinal fibroids, severe abdominal pain may occur.
6. Congenital factor in the uterus
Common uterine factors that cause dysmenorrhea are narrow cervical canal, mainly because menstrual flow is blocked, causing dysmenorrhea; uterine dysplasia is prone to abnormal blood supply, causing uterine ischemia, hypoxia, and dysmenorrhea.Extremely rear -or -forward flexion can affect the smooth menstrual blood.
What problems should I pay attention to during menstruation?
1. Pay more attention to the hygiene period of menstruation, maintain stable and good emotions, avoid strenuous exercise and overwork, avoid pots and swimming, avoid cold food, etc., avoid excessive fatigue when walking, eat less cold, cold or irritating foods.To a certain extent, dysmenorrhea can be reduced.
2. Excessive study and work pressure, depressed mood, can also cause dysmenorrhea. Therefore, avoiding fear, anxiety and nervousness before and after menstruation also has a certain effect on preventing dysmenorrhea.
3. Dysmenorrhea is normal, please do not use painkillers for a long time without authorization.For some female dysmenorrhea to take painkillers by themselves, experts reminded that those with severe dysmenorrhea should go to the hospital for examination and take drugs under the guidance of a doctor.
4. In the menstrual period, the endometrium is exfoliated with bleeding, fresh wounds in the uterine cavity, and the uterine mouth is slightly opened. The vaginal acidity is reduced, and the ability to prevent bacteria is greatly reduced.At this time, bringing in bacteria into a house can easily lead to inflammation of reproductive organs.If the fallopian tube is adhesive, it can not be blocked, and it can also cause infertility.It can also cause extension of menstruation, and even collapse.As a result, women should prohibit housework during the period to prevent infection.