For women, gynecological diseases and health care problems during pregnancy should pay attention to it most.For example, the problem of gynecological inflammation we often hear is a condition that plagues many female friends.Whenever these two problems are encountered, female friends are always confused and do not know how to deal with it.Don’t worry, today I will help you solve it together!
What is the content and significance of health care during pregnancy
Women’s pregnancy is a normal physiological phenomenon.During pregnancy, a series of changes caused by the growth and development of the fetus.In order to protect the health of the mother, hygiene propaganda and education should be carried out to reduce complications during pregnancy.The content of health care during pregnancy includes understanding the physiological and health knowledge during pregnancy, and a prenatal examination on schedule.
Because sweating during pregnancy, I should change my underwear and wash it.There are many vaginal secretions during pregnancy, and you should pay attention to the hygiene of the vulva. It should be washed with warm water every day.Take a shower and take a shower. Especially to avoid taking baths at the end of pregnancy, to prevent the vaginal infection from entering due to sewage, pay attention to nipple hygiene, and often wash the nipples with warm water towels.Mother’s breasts are very important to babies, so they must pay attention to the condition of the breast. People with nipples can be pulled out of the nipples, or sucks out with a breast sucking device, 2 times a day, 5 ~ 10 minutes each time.
During pregnancy, due to the needs of fetal growth and development, pregnant women must increase nutrition, especially in the late pregnancy. Eat more foods that are vitamin and protein that is easy to digest.Because there are often constipation during pregnancy, you need to eat more vegetables.There must be sufficient sleep, the clothes should be wide, and there are less dull places for people.Sexual intercourse should be avoided in early and at the end of pregnancy.
Preparatory examination is a specific measure for health care during pregnancy. If no prenatal examination is performed during pregnancy, abnormalities cannot be found.Even if pregnant women do not feel abnormal, they have to go to the hospital for examination.
Starting from 3 months of pregnancy, check once a month, twice a month after 8 months, and every week after 9 months.
The first inspection includes two aspects: inquiring the medical history and the whole body examination.
Ask the history of the medical history, including the history of menstruation. History of childbirth, whether there are abortion, premature birth, and difficulty in the history of production.7; Understand this pregnancy situation, such as early pregnancy reactions, there are no heartbeat, shortness of breath, puffiness, headache, dazzling and vaginal bleeding.
Systemic body examination includes: measuring blood pressure and weight.
Generally, normal blood pressure does not exceed 120/80 mm Hg, and the pregnancy period is slightly higher, but it should not exceed the 30/15 mm Hg of the basic blood pressure; pay attention to the growth rate of weight. In the last four weeks of pregnancy, the weight growth of each week should not exceed more than exceeding500 grams, the possibility of recessive edema of pregnancy should be considered.
Also check the development of heart, lung, liver, spleen, and breasts, and abdominal examination. Observe the abdominal shape, size, and edema; measure the height of the uterus and abdominal circumference, touch the pivot, several fetal heart sounds, generally from four pregnancy.After a month and a half, I heard my mind, 120 ~ 160 times per minute.
Measure the pelvis.The size and shape of the pelvis are the main factor that determines whether the fetus can take through vaginal delivery.
For those who have not yet performed a gynecological examination for early pregnancy, a vaginal examination should be performed during the first prenatal examination to understand the vulvar cervix and inflammation.
In addition, it is necessary to do laboratory examinations, especially the blood cells and hemoglobin of blood. If there are anemia, the cause should be found to be treated.Through regular prenatal examinations, you can understand the health of pregnancy and detect and treat pregnancy complications early. Make pregnant women spend safely during pregnancy.It is also conducive to the healthy development of newborns.
What are the causes of gynecological inflammation
Gynecological inflammation is a common disease in gynecological. The scope of lesions includes genital inflammation such as vulvaritis, vaginitis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease.
The clinical manifestations of these lesions. Light produce local symptoms, affecting women’s health, and even systemic symptoms. There are many causes of inflammation of female reproductive tract. Under normal circumstances, the body has relatively complete defense functions, such as labia and vagina and vagina.Frequent closure, vaginal glycogen glycogen into lactic acid, has the effects of inhibiting bacterial growth and self -cleaning; the closure of the cervix and the blockage of mucus in the cervical canal, and the impact of ovarian hormone on the genital epithelium function, can naturally prevent it from being naturally prevented from stopping.The pathogen invasion causes disease.
Female reproductive tract inflammation is a struggle between the internal defense function of the body and the external pathogenic factor. Therefore, the occurrence and development of inflammation depends mainly on the local defense function of the reproductive tract and the ability of the human body to resist, which is what the motherland medicine said."Inside the Qi, you can’t do it."
The same pathogen can cause different manifestations and different degrees of inflammatory response on different individuals.The pathogen that causes inflammation of women’s reproductive tract mainly includes four types of bacteria, mold, raw insects, and filter virus.
Bacterial infection is the main pathogen of pelvic inflammatory disease. Common ones are P. of Poor, Bacteriococcus, E. coli and Tuberculosis; vulvar infections and vaginal inflammation are mostly caused by mold and primary insects. Excessive virus can cause vulva, vaginal and cervix, etc.The onset of the location can also be infected in the mouth, tongue, and eye infections at the same time to form syndrome.
The infection pathway of women’s reproductive tract mainly has the following four methods.
(1) The lymphatic system diffuses bacteria through vulva, vagina, cervix and uterine vitality trauma. The official attachment and pelvic connective tissue are the main ways for puerperis infection to spread.
(2) Primary and other systems of the human body were first invaded through the blood circulation. Due to the lesions of other organs, the pathogens were indirectly transmitted to the reproductive organs by blood circulation.
(3) After the uplifting of the genital mucosa is spreading the disease to the vulva and the vagina, the cervical, the endometrium of the uterine body, the endometrium to the ovarian and the abdominal cavity along the mucosa surface, the main spread of staphylococci through this path. (4) the spread directly spreads.Due to the lesions of other organs in the abdominal cavity, it spreads directly to the internal genitals. For example, appendicitis can cause fallopianitis.
After understanding the cause of gynecological inflammation, we must actively prevent the control of the disease, enhance the defense function of the body, and give positive treatment for those who have primary lesions.
The above pregnancy health care and gynecological inflammation, female friends must be vigilant, don’t take it seriously.