Mr. Li is a 40 -year -old office worker who has suffered from type Ⅱ diabetes for three years.He once heard that sweet potatoes are beneficial to diabetic patients, so they eat a lot of daily, and even completely replace staple foods and fruits and vegetables, in order to achieve the purpose of reducing blood sugar he expected.
However, his recent blood glucose test results showed that his blood sugar has been high, and he has increased from before, especially after meals, which can be almost comparable to that of fine rice as a staple food.
Mr. Li was puzzled, so he went to the hospital’s nutritional department and met a professional doctor.The doctor learned in detail the recent diet structure of Mr. Li and explained to him the nutritional value and blood sugar effects of sweet potatoes.
It turned out that although sweet potato, as a rough grain in the traditional sense, is rich in dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, magnesium and other nutrients. For ordinary people, moderate consumption is good for physical health.
However, it also has a high starch content, which will be converted into glucose under digestion and entering the blood circulation, so that the blood sugar is increased.Therefore, for patients with diabetes, excessive intake of sweet potatoes may cause blood sugar to rise and increase the condition of diabetes.
The doctor then formulated a reasonable diet plan for him, including reducing the intake of sweet potatoes and increasing the intake of vegetables, protein and healthy fat.After several months of adjustment, Mr. Li’s blood sugar gradually stabilized, and the symptoms caused by high blood sugar were also eased.
But in fact, for patients with diabetes, adding appropriate amounts of sweet potatoes to daily diet to replace staple foods is still beneficial to the body.So, how can diabetic patients eat sweet potatoes correctly?
1. Quantitative, diabetic patients should control the intake reasonably under the guidance of doctors or professional doctors when eating sweet potatoes and blood glucose control goals to avoid excessive amounts.The amount of sweet potatoes should be determined according to individual conditions, generally controlled at about 150 grams.
2. Pay attention to the cooking method. Patients with diabetes can choose the appropriate cooking method, such as steaming, cooking, or baking. These methods do not need to add additional oil, which helps reduce calorie intake.At the same time, we should avoid adding sweeteners such as sugar or honey to control blood glucose levels.
3. Reasonable matching, diabetic patients need to be cautious when matching other foods to avoid eating at the same time as high starch foods such as rice and pasta, so as not to intake too much carbohydrates and cause blood sugar to rise.
4. Blood glucose monitoring, diabetic patients should regularly monitor blood sugar, and maintain good communication with doctors or professional nutritionists, adjust the diet plan according to individual conditions to ensure that blood sugar control is controlled within the target range.
In addition, patients with diabetes should also consider individual differences when eating sweet potatoes. People such as renal dysfunction or poor gastrointestinal digestive function should reduce or avoid the intake of sweet potatoes.
In general, rationally controlling sweet potato intake, choosing a healthy cooking method, and other foods, regular monitoring of blood sugar is the key to the correct consumption of sweet potatoes in patients with diabetes.At the same time, understand the individual situation and follow professional suggestions to help avoid common misunderstandings.
1. Some people think that sweet potatoes are low sugar foods and can be eaten at will
In fact, sweet potatoes have high starch content, and the sugar lift index of sweet potatoes is second only to rice. A large amount of consumption is not good for the stability of blood sugar.
2. Another common misunderstanding is that sweet potatoes can replace drugs to control blood sugar
Although sweet potatoes contain some useful nutrients, such as dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals, it does not replace drug treatment.Patients with diabetes should take medicines on time based on the advice and prescriptions of doctors, and cannot rely on sweet potatoes or other foods to control blood sugar.
As a chronic disease, diabetes has a long -term impact on life and physical health. Especially at present, there is no good treatment method. It can only reduce the development of complications by controlling the development of blood sugar to control the development of the disease.Therefore, diabetic patients should control blood sugar and maintain their health through diet management and other living management.
1. Manage the lifestyle: eat less high sugar, high -fat food, and take more vegetables, fruits, whole grains and protein.Follow the dietary advice of a doctor or doctor, and regularly monitor the postprandial blood sugar.
(1) Specific in diet, diabetic patients should control the intake of carbohydrates, especially fast digestive carbohydrates, such as sugar and white rice.You can choose foods with low GI (sugar lift index), such as whole wheat food, vegetables and beans. These foods help control the speed of blood sugar.
(2) Patients with diabetes should control the intake of saturated fat and cholesterol to reduce cardiovascular risk, such as low -fat dairy products, lean meat and plant oils, such as olive oil and linen seed oil.
(3) Mealing helps to control blood sugar fluctuations.Small meals every day to avoid overeating and help control diet and blood sugar.
(4) Avoid excessive sugar and high -sugar drinks, such as carbonated beverages, juice and desserts.You can choose low -sugar or sugar -free alternatives, such as sugar -free tea, fruit slices and nuts.
In addition, moderate exercise to increase physical activity, such as walking, jogging, swimming, etc., which helps improve insulin sensitivity and reduce blood sugar levels.However, we must follow the advice of doctors to avoid physical injury caused by exercise and the occurrence of hypoglycemia.
At the same time, it is necessary to relieve emotions. High pressure will affect the secretion and utilization of insulin, thereby affecting blood sugar control.We can release stress by trying to breathe deeply, cultivate interest, or through professional psychological guidance, manage emotions, and reduce the impact of negative emotions on the disease.
2. Regular blood glucose monitoring: regularly monitor blood glucose levels and master your blood sugar control.In this way, you can find abnormalities in time and take corresponding measures to adjust.
3. Medical Management: Follow the doctor’s treatment suggestions and take drugs on time, including oral drugs or insulin injections.At the same time, regular retransmit, treatment adjustment according to the doctor’s adjustment suggestions.
I hope that through this article, it can help everyone better understand the nutritional value of sweet potatoes and better control their blood sugar.Remember, healthy diet starts with scientific food selection and reasonable way of eating!
 Chinese Medical Association Diabetes Branch. (2017). China Type 2 Diabetes Guide (2017 edition). Chinese Diabetes Magazine, 9 (1), 4-67.
 National Standards for Food Safety. (GB 2762-2017). Food limited regulations, Beijing: China Standard Press, 2017.
 Zheng Qiuxia, Zhang Hao, Meng Jing, et al. (2019). The biological activity of sweet potato polyphenols and its related research progress with diabetes. China Agricultural Report, 35 (34), 209-216.