Source: 【Dahe Health News】
Dahe Health News reporter Zhang Baofu
Menstruation is a normal physiological phenomenon. After women develop and mature, due to the impact of sex hormone levels, the ovarian ovulation cyclical ovulation. When the follicles enter the uterine cavity, they do not encounter sperm and do not form fertilized eggs.The endometrium is exfoliated by the endometrium.
But when talking about "big aunt", many people only feel embarrassing and shame. Many people do not know much about the "aunt", and even have some misunderstandings.
Meng Huifeng, the attending physician of Jiyuan Maternal and Child Health Hospital, introduced that normal menstruation is periodic.
The first day of bleeding is the beginning of the menstrual cycle, and the interval between the two adjacent menstruation on the first day of menstruation is called a menstrual cycle.Generally, it is 21 days to 35 days, with an average of 28 days, which is normal to shorten or extend for about 3 days.
In addition, the length of the cycle varies from person to person. Different in physical, age, climate, regional and living conditions, the menstrual cycle will also be different, but each woman’s menstrual cycle will have their own regularity.
The emergence of regular menstruation is an important symbol of maturity of reproductive function. For the first time, menstruation comes to the tide called "the first tide of menstruation".
The age of the early menstrual tide is mostly between 13 and 14 years old, but it may be as early as 11 or late to 16 years old. In recent years, the age of the early menstrual tide has a advance trend. After 16 years of age, the future of menstruation should attract attention.
The early and evening menstrual tide is mainly controlled by genetic factors, and other factors such as nutritional weight also play a role.
Liu Qing, an obstetrician and gynecologist at the third affiliated hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, said that healthy women generally stop menstruation at the age of 49 and are called "menopause" or "disconnection".
Mattersters of menstruation in Chinese women are 46 to 52 years old, all of which are normal.
It is normal to determine whether the "big aunt" is normal to evaluate the period, menstruation, menstruation, volume, color, texture, or dysmenorrhea.
Generally, the average menstrual cycle of women is about 28 days. Occasionally, it is normal for menstruation to be advanced or within 7 days after retreat, and there is no need to panic.
The menstrual period is generally 2 to 8 days, with an average of 4 days to 6 days.
The total amount of blood loss of a menstrual period is called menstruation, and the normal menstrual flow is 20ml ~ 60ml. Daily menstrual periods are the least on the first day, the most 2 days, the third day, and the number of subsequent days gradually decreases.
More than 80ml is more monthly, less than 20ml or less than 2 days.Under normal circumstances, menstrual blood is dark red, no blood clots, and a certain amount of blood.
"The number of days of adjacent menstrual cycles is not more than 7 days." Meng Huifeng said that the frequency of menstruation is less than 21 days that belongs to the frequent menstruation and greater than 35 days is scarcity of menstruation.
Meng Huifeng summarized the four abnormalities and causes of menstruation:
Menstruation may be a normal physiological condition in advance, and it may also be caused by functional uterine bleeding.
If menstruation is advanced in advance, but the menstrual cycle is relatively regular, and the duration of menstruation and menstruation is normal, it may be a normal physiological condition.If menstruation is advanced in advance, but the menstrual cycle is irregular, and the duration of menstruation and menstruation is abnormal, it may be caused by functional uterine bleeding.
Menstruation is usually compared. If menstruation is more than 7 days after menstruation, menstruation delay must be considered for two consecutive cycles.
There are many reasons for delaying menstruation. The most common is women who have sexual life in the near future. You can first use the test strip to detect urine or go to the hospital to take a blood test to see if you are pregnant.
Mental stress in daily life can also cause delay of menstruation when you stay too late.
Frequent oral emergency contraceptives or certain special drugs, such as immunosuppressants or hormones, can cause endocrine imbalances, cause estrogen levels in the body, and delay menstruation.
Some people have certain gynecological diseases in the body, which can also cause abnormal delay in menstruation, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis.
Menstrual health is too low
It means that menstruation is gone for 1 to 2 days, and the amount of blood is very small.
Patients have little blood in menstruation, and their blood color is very light. The most common cause is excessive fatigue and high work pressure; excessive diet to lose weight; oral contraceptive drugs; ovarian function loss; surgical operations damage endometrium, etc.few.
Refers to the long period of menstrual period and a lot of bleeding, much more blood than normal.
The causes of excessive menstrual flow are caused by drugs or diseases. Therefore, when there are many menstrual, you should go to the hospital for targeted treatment in time.
Liu Qing told reporters that women’s menstrual periods generally have no feeling of discomfort. Only some women have minor backache, lower abdomen bloating, emotional changes, etc., which are normal. It is a normal phenomenon.
In some women, due to their age, physical fitness, climate change, living environment, etc., periodic abdominal pain, swelling, or lumbosacral pain occurred in the period of menstruation or before and after menstruation.Even syncope affects normal work and life. It is called dysmenorrhea, and you need to seek medical treatment in time.
Traditional Chinese medicine calls dysmenorrhea as "abdominal pain", and believes that "if it is not painful, it is painful, and unwilling to pain" is the main pathogenesis.
When the menstrual period comes, dysmenorrhea belongs to primary dysmenorrhea. Western medicine believes that primary dysmenorrhea is mostly synthesized and released by prostaglandin, or vascular tension and excessive oxytoc.Lower abdominal pain appears before the menstrual, which is more common in uterine dysplasia, cervical mouth or narrow cervical tube, and uterine excessive flexion.
After a few years of menstruation, dysmenorrhea is a secondary dysmenorrhea. It is more common in post -fertility or middle -aged women. Most of the reproductive organs have obvious lesions.Symptoms of dysmenorrhea.
"Some people think that dysmenorrhea is not a serious illness, just take painkillers. In fact, this is a misunderstanding." Liu Qing said that severe dysmenorrhea will have the impact on patients’ lives and work, and some patients will rely on oral analgesic drugs to relieve symptoms.
However, taking too much analgesic drugs may lead to bad situations such as the imbalance of the nervous system, decreased memory, and insomnia. The correct approach is to go to a regular hospital for a clear cause and symptomatic treatment.
She said that menstruation is actually the response to the periodic instructions of the uterus to the periodic instructions of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian (gland axis). Whether the menstruation can intuitively reflect whether the function of the gland axis is normal.
If your menstrual cycle is more than 1 week in advance or after error, more than 7 days is endless, too much or too little menstrual flow, abnormal color, severe blood clots or dysmenorrhea, ovulation bleeding and other symptoms.The above is still not alleviated, you need to seek medical treatment in time.
The irregular "aunt" may represent the disorders of the endocrine system. Long -term irregular menstruation may cause endometrium abnormal hyperplasia, ovulation abnormalities, chronic gynecological inflammation, endometriosis, infertility, etc.
Take a timely treatment and let the specialist diagnose the pre -menstrual or late period, too much or too little menstrual passage, extension of menstrual periods, leakage, meridian bleeding, etc. The cause is clear.Essence
Meng Huifeng said that the poor mood and irregular work and rest are one of the most common causes of menstrual abnormalities.
During menstruation, women are relatively weak. During this time, they can eat some high -nutrition foods, such as lean meat, dairy products, fish and nuts.
Most gynecological and endocrine diseases can cause menstrual abnormalities. Actively treat primary diseases, which can effectively avoid abnormalities in "big aunt".
Liu Qing added from the following aspects:
1. Pay attention to keep warm during menstruation, avoid cold, cold, raw, cold stimulation, avoid rainwater involvement, swimming to avoid cold, avoid staying up late, pay attention to rest, and enhance physical fitness.
2. Try to control severe emotional fluctuations, avoid strong mental stimuli, maintain a happy mood, and avoid gravity activities.
3. Pay attention to personal hygiene during menstruation, change sanitary napkins and underwear, and try to keep the vulva clean and dry.During the menstruation, the same room, basin bath, vaginal rinse, swimming.It is recommended to shower when taking a bath.
4. Menstrual period can exercise in moderation, but it is not suitable for strenuous exercise, such as walking, walking, and jogging in daily life.
5. Pay attention to dietary conditioning during menstruation. Avoid eating cold and cold products before and during menstruation, so as not to increase the dysmenorrhea from cold coagulation stasis. Those with many menstrual flow should not be consumed by spicy and dry things, so as not to heat blood and bleed even more.
6. Women’s menstrual period should avoid medication as much as possible. If you have to take medicine for some special reasons, it is best to use it under the guidance of a doctor.
This article comes from [Dahe Health News], which only represents the author’s point of view.The national party media information public platform provides information release communication services.